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Bandelier: The Pueblos of New Mexico’s Past

This month’s post in our series on New Mexico’s National Monuments.

Bandelier National Monument (just 15 miles from Los Alamos, New Mexico) consists of 32,000 acres of wilderness, complete with mesas, steep canyon walls ,and mountain peaks rising up to 10,200 feet. Its location in the Pajarito Plateau in the Jemez Mountains helped the area to remain a secret from Western civilization, until the 1880s. The monument was named for a Swiss anthropologist, Adolph Bandelier, who researched the cultures of the area in the early 1900s.

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Fort Bayard: In Jeopardy

This worn fort, with its vast number of buildings in various states of decay, rests at the base of the Santa Rita Mountains in southwestern New Mexico. It was named for a local general (George D. Bayard) who was killed during the Civil War. The fort was established in 1866 to protect those driving cattle through the area (on their way to Kansas) and also the inhabitants of mining camps sprinkled across the region.

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Chamizal National Memorial: On the Border

Did you know that the US/Mexican border wasn’t officially established until 1970?

Me neither. It wasn’t until visiting El Paso’s Chamizal Park that I learned this startling truth. Many people assume that the final border between the two countries was confirmed either with the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo or with the 1854 Gadsden Purchase. But that is not the case.

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